Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), also known as gonococcus or GC, is among the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs), with 87 million new cases annually.1
The infection is caused by a bacterial pathogen that initially infect host tissue in the urethra, anus, or throat, through sexual contact. Once inside the urethra, the bacteria invade and attach to host tissue, causing an inflammatory response often leading to a visible discharge.
These bacteria then have the potential to spread upwards through the urogenital tract of males and females. This may lead to complications in women that can affect the urethra, cervix and fallopian tubes. In men, the prostate can be affected. Moreover, these infections may cause infertility for both sexes, along with urogenital symptoms, sores, redness or lesions in the mouth, discomfort, bleeding, or discharge from the anus.
However, the majority of patients do not experience any symptoms at all.