Tina-quant® C-Reactive Protein1-8
C‑reactive protein is the classic acute phase protein in inflammatory reactions. It is synthesised by the liver and consists of five identical polypeptide chains that form a five‑membered ring having a molecular weight of 105000 daltons.
CRP is the most sensitive of the acute phase reactants and its concentration increases rapidly during inflammatory processes. Complexed CRP activates the classical complement pathway. The CRP response frequently precedes clinical symptoms, including fever.
In normal healthy individuals CRP is a trace protein with a range up to 5 mg/L. After onset of an acute phase response the serum CRP concentration rises rapidly and extensively. The increase begins within 6 to 12 hours and the peak value is reached within 24 to 48 hours. Levels above 100 mg/L are associated with severe stimuli such as major trauma and severe infection (sepsis). CRP response may be less pronounced in patients suffering from liver disease.